Yes, You Were Born to Run

Millions of years of genetic mutation and adaptation have produced a singular animal whose body, mind, and spirit are primed to sprint as if life depended on it. That animal is you. So why are you just standing there?

via Yes, You Were Born to Run : Run For Weight Loss : MensHealth.com.  I love this notion, and this article, because I’ve wondered why I’ve had this persistent (many years worth) desire to run although I’ve never managed before to run seriously except for one stint in my 30’s. Why have I kept coming back to it?

A few more snippets that will whet your appetite to read the full article, which you need to do.

Why do 11 percent of Americans and tens of millions of people around the world tie on running shoes and clock their weekly miles? The three most recent presidents of the United States have put in time as runners (and earlier this year, one candidate, Mike Huckabee, trained for the Boston Marathon while campaigning for the U.S. presidency).

Early humans didn’t have fire to cook meat and release its nutrients until 250,000 years ago. They didn’t have the bow and arrow until 20,000 years ago. “But we know that people have been hunting for 2 million years. The best weapon they had available to them was a sharpened wooden stick. I’m not exaggerating. How the hell are you going to kill an animal with a sharp wooden stick? It’s incredibly dangerous. You have to move close to the animal, which means the animal can kick you or gore you.”

And the alternative? Simply run the animal for 5 or 10 miles until it’s dying of heatstroke, and then knock it over with a feather. “That’s it. It’s amazing. It’s so easy.”

And thus, after finishing the couch-to-5k program I created another plan using the Runner’s World Smart Coach. It’s another 5k training program but 16 weeks long and culminating in 10 mile runs on the 3rd day of the weekly training cycle. Here it is: Smart Coach 16 wk 5k plan.

Sit down, shut up, and be an American

This is the text of a speech used at the Highland Lakes Toastmasters recently. I may put up the audio later, but in the meanwhile I hope you enjoy the text version.  I’ll look forward to the controversy which I’m sure it will provoke! This text is not original although I modified it somewhat to meet my contextual need — source noted at the end — but I concur with the sentiments and believe that the artificial divisions among us that are fostered and perpetuated by the so-called “political correctness” infecting this country are indeed affecting our individual freedoms. Our freedom is affected is because that “PC” process erodes both our individuality and our ability to be one nation.

(Imagine this is delivered by a hypothetical leader of a hypothetical community and school system)

I am your new leader and honored to be so. There is no greater calling than to lead people, especially when it includes young people.

I want to inform you of some new changes coming to our community and schools. These changes are because I am convinced that most of the ideas that have dominated our communities, and our public education in particular, throughout America have worked against us, against our citizens, students, teachers, and our country.

First, we will no longer honor race or ethnicity.  I could not care less if your racial makeup is black, brown, red, yellow or white.  I could not care less if your origins are African, Latin American, Asian or European, or if your ancestors arrived here on the Mayflower or on slave ships.

The only identity I care about, the only one we will recognize, is your individual identity:  your character, your industry and scholarship, your humanity. And the only national identity our community and schools will care about is American.

This is an American community, with American public schools, and our American public schools were created to make better Americans through education.

If you wish to affirm an ethnic, racial or religious identity through this community or its schools, you will have to go elsewhere. As of right now we are ending all ethnicity-, race- and non-American nationality-based celebrations. They undermine the motto of America, one of its three central values – e pluribus unum, “from many, one.”  And we will be guided by America’s values. Not European, nor Asian, nor Mexican.  American.

This includes all community organizations and after-school clubs. We will not authorize organizations that divide people  based on any identities. This includes race, language, religion, sexual orientation or whatever else may become in vogue in a society divided by political correctness.

Your organizations will be based on interests and passions, not blood, ethnic, racial or other physically defined ties.

Those divisions just cultivate narcissism — an unhealthy preoccupation with the self — while the purpose of education is to get you to think beyond yourself. If the only organizations and activities you can imagine being interesting in are those based on ethnic, racial or sexual identity, that means that little outside of yourself really interests you.

Second, I am uninterested in whether English is your native language. My only interest in terms of language is that you speak and read English as fluently as possible. The English language has united America’s citizens for over 200 years, and it will unite us here. It is one of the indispensable reasons this country of immigrants has always come to be one country. Our young people will gain excellent English language skills and be prepared to successfully compete in the American job market.  We will learn other languages here — it is deplorable that most Americans only speak English — but if you are in school and want classes taught in your native language rather than in English, this is not your school.

Third, because I regard learning as a sacred endeavor, everything our schools do will reflect learning’s elevated status. This means, among other things, that students and teachers will dress accordingly. Many people in our society dress more formally for Hollywood events than for church or school. These people have their priorities backward. Therefore, there will be a formal dress code in our schools.

Fourth, no obscene language will be tolerated anywhere in public, or on our school’s property — whether at the mall, in class, in the hallways or at athletic events. If you can’t speak without using the f-word, you can’t speak. By obscene language I mean the words banned by the Federal Communications Commission, plus epithets such as “Nigger,” even when used by one black student to address another black, or “bitch,” even when addressed by a girl to a girlfriend.

It is my intent that by the time our young people leave our school, they will be among the young Americans to instinctively distinguish between the elevated and the degraded, the holy and the obscene.

Fifth, we will end all self-esteem programs in school. In our school as in life, self-esteem will be attained in only one way — the way people attained it until decided otherwise a generation ago — by earning it. One immediate consequence is that in high school there will be one valedictorian, not eight.

Sixth, and last, I am reorienting our school toward academics and away from politics and propaganda. No more time will devoted to scaring you about smoking and caffeine, or terrifying you about sexual harassment or global warming. No more semesters will be devoted to condom wearing and teaching you to regard sexual relations as only or primarily a health issue. There will be no more attempts to convince you that you are a victim because you are not white, or not male, or not heterosexual or not Christian. We will have failed if any young person graduates our schools and does not consider him or herself inordinately lucky — to be alive and to be an American.

Now until students learn the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag of our country, the adults will hand them out to you.

So don’t sit down. I didn’t mean that when I said it up front and I don’t mean that now.

This is America.

STAND UP, SPEAK UP, and BE …

an American!

Source: A Speech Every American High School Principal Should Give. At the outset of his column, Prager offers this (with which I totally agree):

If every school principal gave this speech at the beginning of the next school year, America would be a better place.

via The Dennis Prager Show (with modifications). (Townhall.com Copyright © 2009 Salem Web Network. All Rights Reserved.  And COPYRIGHT 2010 CREATORS.COM)

House Tea Party Caucus: finally, a litmus test for real conservatives

Speaker Pelosi finally, reluctantly, allowed recognition of a Tea Party Caucus for the U.S. House of Representatives after initially denying the request initiated by Rep. Michele Bachmann (R-Minn). Or perhaps the House Administration Committee did the right thing, where the Speaker would not.

Last week, Bachmann requested House Speaker Nancy Pelosi approve the caucus “to promote Americans’ call for fiscal responsibility, adherence to the Constitution and limited government.”

“This caucus will espouse the timeless principles of our founding, principles that all members of Congress have sworn to uphold,” Bachmann said.

via FOXNews.com – House Gives Bachmann OK to Form Tea Party Caucus.

It seems to me that whether a Congressman joins the caucus, or not, will be a real indication of the level of true conservative spirit of that person. Note its purpose “to promote Americans’ call for fiscal responsibility, adherence to the Constitution and limited government.”

One needn’t be a Republican or a Democrat or an Independent or fall into any of the myriad of ways to classify a representative, in order to be willing to be identified in the Tea Party Caucus. Just BE of conservative mind. At least I hope that’s the way it works. I would expect that anyone who joins the caucus will have their voting record scrutinized to a higher than normal degree and perhaps the caucus will be self-policing (I don’t know how they organize and regulate internally — see list of caucuses) so that being a member of that caucus is a real litmus test.

One does not have to hold with every tenet of the Tea Party movement (for it is only a movement of many parts, and not a political party), but for a member of the House to be a true conservative it would seem reasonable to expect that member to join, support, and vote consistently with, the Tea Party Caucus.

Marble Falls Tri-Athlon

We had two of my groups supporting the Tri-Athlon today. We had several motorcyclists from my so-called m/c “gang” (we have an email list named Psycle, derived from the fact that for me motorcycling is a psychiatric event), and ham radio operators from our local Highland Lakes Amateur Radio Emergency Services (ARES) group (sponsored in part by the Highland Lakes Amateur Radio Club). ARES, the Amateur Radio Emergency Services® is a function of the Amateur Radio Relay League. Also joining our local hams were a number of folks from the far East:  Georgetown and Hutto, from the Sun City Amateur Radio Society!  A full list of the participants is below.

ARES units participate in events of this nature in order to practice and sharpen our skills in the event of an actual communications emergency where the normal modes — telephones, cell phones, public service and law enforcement — of communication may fail. Amateur Radio is not simply another hobby, but is an avenue to life-saving public service.  Emergency communications is a large part of our public service fulfilling the motto “When all else fails … Amateur Radio works.”

The MF Tri-A consists of a 1k swim, 23 mile bike ride out Hwy 71 inclusive of some killer hills, and a 4.4 mile run down Pecan Valley and thereabouts. The motorcyclists and mobile hams serve to buffer the bicyclists against traffic since the route takes them on some busy highways, including US 281 between Marble Falls and the TX71 interchange. The mobile hams can also pick up a rider who has broken down or is injured. One of the motorcyclists is also a ham and had communications on his bike while the other motorcyclists had cell phone access back to me as the Net Control Station where I could then dispatch a ham in a vehicle to assist. I think there were seven transports, one of which was for a crash resulting in some serious road rash.

Here’s a great shot by Jim Wreyford of the swim course.

Swim at the Tri-Athlon (click for bigger)

For me the highlight of the day was the courage and sheer “guts” shown by one female who finished way last, but finished. When she made the biking 1/2 point turnaround, the lead runner had already finished! His time must have been around 1-1/2 hours total, and the gal’s was around four hours. She was walking at the last as I followed her in but by golly she finished! Another runner (seemingly not in the competition) had hooked up with her and no doubt was a lot of encouragement. I followed them in to be sure the runner was ok, and could see her buddy talking, gesturing a lot, obviously very animated. I think the distraction and encouragement probably helped. Like Marc Bittner say: 90% of it is half mental!

The hams and motorcyclists participating were:

Thanks to all of  these guys for giving up their Sunday. Some came from a long way off, and had a very early start to boot.

Participants
I’m working on detailed stats, but my guess is that a total (not including to/from the event) of 45 human hours was involved using radio equipment worth a total of  $1500-3000 (plus vehicles) and motorcycles worth a total of at least $75,000.  PLUS, Jim Wreyford, K5JSW, checked in as Air Mobile and overflew the swim but did not spot anyone who needed to be rescued! I have no idea how to value his airplane   🙂
Here’s another perspective of support for the Tri-Athlon, and actually demos something that amateur EmComm operations can include. Jim’s GPS track in the air. You can see where he covered the course.

Jim's track

Senator John Cornyn on Kagan nomination to high court

It is often difficult for the lay person to have a basis from which to evaluate the qualifications of a judicial candidate and it’s most daunting to listen to the roar of the media discussing a nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court. Without offering any opinion on Solicitor General Kagan, I suggest that Sen. Cornyn’s discussion offers an excellent insight into the most salient issues surrounding such a candidate. While some may disagree with his conclusions, the statement of the issues is spot-on.

WASHINGTON—U.S. Sen. John Cornyn (R-Texas), a member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, released the following statement announcing he will oppose the nomination of Elena Kagan to be Associate Justice on the U.S. Supreme Court:

“Solicitor General Kagan’s testimony before the Judiciary Committee did not assure me that she agrees with the traditional understanding of the proper role of a judge. Judges should strictly interpret the written Constitution, which means both enforcing written limitations on the scope of government power, such as the Second Amendment and the Commerce Clause, as well as not inventing new rights or imposing their own policy views on the American people.

“Ms. Kagan’s testimony about her judicial philosophy was vague and open to multiple interpretations. She was unable to articulate limits on the federal Commerce Clause power.  She did not rule out overturning the Supreme Court’s recent decisions recognizing the importance of the Second Amendment. She backed away from her previous conviction that judicial nominees should be forthright about the direction they would move the courts.

“Also, Solicitor General Kagan lacks experience that could give us more insight into her judicial philosophy. As a lawyer, she has never tried a case to verdict. She only joined the Supreme Court bar in 2009, and she has never served as a judge.

“For these reasons, I will oppose her nomination.”

via News Releases – Press – United States Senator John Cornyn, Texas.

Governance 101: Oh, we were just kidding …

Can we believe anything from Washington any more? This example demonstrates not only total folly, but dishonesty as well if indeed Rep. Olson’s report is accurate. There is every reason to believe it is so because other, independent, sources recounted Bolden as having made the “outreach to Muslims” statement on various other occasions. Read on.

Call it a failure to launch.

The White House is disavowing a plan to have NASA conduct outreach to Muslim countries, but a congressman who talked to NASA Administrator Charles Bolden about that plan last month said the initiative was very real until somebody slammed the brakes on it.

Rep. Pete Olson, ranking Republican on the Space and Aeronautics House Subcommittee, told FoxNews.com that Bolden described the outreach program as part of the administration’s space plan during a conversation they had in June.

“He confirmed it to me,” Olson said. The Texas Republican said he thinks the program existed until the “uproar” compelled the administration to rethink it.

via FOXNews.com – NASA Outreach Program ‘Confirmed’ Despite White House Denial, Rep Says.

Are we back to what is “is?”  What other group, other than the White House and various individual members of Congress, so continually parades forth with:

  • I didn’t say that.
  • I didn’t tell him to say that.
  • You misunderstood what I said or what I meant.
  • If I said that, I was mistaken (or didn’t really mean it, or ….)
  • I was just trying to get a reaction.
  • I might have said something close to that, but ….
  • What we really need to talk about is ….

What group indeed? The children I have in juvenile court!

A representative republic cannot survive without Statesmen. Our founders were Statesmen and they created this grand experiment — America: The Last Best Hope (Note 1) — on the assumption that it would be governed by Statesmen.  True Statesmen don’t prevaricate and when others do, a Statesman will cry foul.  Where, oh where, are the Statesmen?  That’s a topic for another day.

Note (1)  Thanks to Bill Bennett for the purloining of the title of his very fine work of history.

I’m Having an Overreaction to Overreaction … and to “political correctness”

I’m sick of overreaction, especially when I do it! The world is driven by overreactions to problems, whether between spouses, among politicians, between nations, by government against citizens, or just by normal people in their daily lives. The whole culture of “political correctness” is an overreaction, one which is designed to obliterate personal responsibility. Some examples ….

The terrible BP oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico produced the overreaction by Pres. Obama to shut down all drilling.  Two federal courts now have said that’s an overreaction.

Or this story which demonstrates overreactions to overreactions:

Philadelphia Mayor Michael Nutter’s opposition to renewing a contract allowing federal immigration authorities full access to city arrest records is infuriating local Tea Party activists and their allies who say the potential move could jeopardize the public safety of residents and visitors to the city.

Supporters of the contract held a news conference Thursday in Philly to express their safety concerns after they said the mayor’s office ignored their requests for a meeting but dispatched city officials to a meeting last month organized by a coalition of pro-immigrant groups where immigrants voiced their mistrust of the police.

via FOXNews.com – Tea Party Activists Push Philly Mayor to Renew City’s Contract With Immigration on Arrest Records.

The mayor REACTS by defying federal law (non-cooperation with immigration officials) because of a perceived fear that illegal immigrants under-report crime. That may be true, but the mayor’s solution is an overreaction. Then he has meetings with the illegal immigrant group because immigrants have voiced a mistrust of the police. That mistrust is likely an overreaction to particular events (the facts of which likely were not fully known to the group) and the mayor’s capitulation to the group is an overreacttion no doubt in part to his own political fears. To which the Tea Party group reacts, and yes it’s an overreaction, by opposing him. By the way, not all overreactions produce bad results.

The most pervasive overreactions are those born out of the “political correctness” notions, such as giving every child in a contest a ribbon, belying the fact that not all of them “won” the event. A misplaced psychological idea, in my opinion, but still within the genre of “political correctness.” The general dumbing down and false equalization of (children in particular) has led to at least two generations filled with people who are not equipped to face the real world, do not recognize the concept of personal responsibility, and who, in increasingly large numbers, have become dependent on government largess — the ultimate source of overreaction in the name of political correctness.

All men are created equal but they don’t necessarily end up equal by every conceivable measure.  And we should not try to deal with everyone equally, just fairly. Sometimes being treated fairly requires being treated equally — such as in the justice system or in the constitutionally protected areas — but such is not always the case, nor should it be.  Yet we can pick up the newspaper (remember those things, with printing on large sheets of crummy paper?) any day and read of someone perceiving that they were not treated equally, yet even when it was a fair treatment although not totally equal to that of another, that person overreacts. And some organization overreacts in their behalf, and sometimes the government steps in as well all with overreactions in the name of “political correctness.”

The real problem with overreaction is that it is usually born out of a reaction to a symptom while an underlying problem goes untouched.  Take for example the child who misbehaves repeatedly and the parent overreacts in the method and measure of punishment — over and over. Unless action is taken to address the underlying cause of the child’s behavior, the level of parental overreaction is sure to escalate against future poor behavior, and the endless cycle continues.

Each of us can think of many more examples but for now, in my own overreaction to overreaction I pledge to try not to overreact in the future. Oh, and to hell with political correctness too!

Comparative qualifications between General McChrystal and the President

Comparative qualifications between General McChrystal and the President

I picked this off of an email and assume the facts to be correct as to the General. Pretty impressive guy!  A friend who passed this along to me suggested that perhaps the dust-up leading to General McChrystal’s resignation was “staged” in order to highlight problems in the Afghan theater of operations. Surely that must be the case.

General McChrystal Biography

Commander, International Security Assistance Force/

Commander, United States Forces Afghanistan

United States Army

SOURCE OF COMMISSIONED SERVICE: USMA EDUCATIONAL DEGREES

United States Military Academy – BS – No Major

United States Naval War College – MA – National Security and Strategic Studies

Salve Regina University – MS – International Relations

MILITARY SCHOOLS ATTENDED:

Infantry Officer Basic and Advanced Courses

United States Naval Command and Staff College

Senior Service College Fellowship Harvard University

FOREIGN LANGUAGES:

Spanish

PROMOTIONS DATE OF APPOINTMENT:

2LT 2 Jun 76

1LT 2 Jun 78

CPT 1 Aug 80

MAJ 1 Jul 87

LTC 1 Sep 92

COL 1 Sep 96

BG 1 Jan 01

MG 1 May 04

LTG 16 Feb 06

GEN 11 Jun 09

FROM TO ASSIGNMENT:

Nov 76 Feb 78 Weapons Platoon Leader, C Company, 1st Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82d Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Feb 78 Jul 78 Rifle Platoon Leader, C Company, 1st Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82d Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Jul 78 Nov 78 Executive Officer, C Company, 1st Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82d Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Nov 78 Apr 79 Student, Special Forces Officer Course, Special Forces School, Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Apr 79 Jun 80 Commander, Detachment A, A Company, 1st Battalion, 7th Special Forces Group (Airborne), Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Jun 80 Feb 81 Student, Infantry Officer Advanced Course, United States Army Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia

Feb 81 Mar 82 S2/S3 (Intelligence/Operations), United Nations Command Support Group Joint Security Area, Korea

Mar 82 Nov 82 Training Officer, Directorate of Plans and Training, A Company, Headquarters Command, Fort Stewart, Georgia

Nov 82 Sep 84 Commander, A Company, 3d Battalion, 19th Infantry, 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized), Fort Stewart, Georgia

Sep 84 Sep 85 S3 (Operations), 3d Battalion, 19th Infantry, 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized), Fort Stewart, Georgia

Sep 85 Jan 86 Liaison Officer, 3d Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Benning, Georgia

Jan 86 May 87 Commander, A Company, 3d Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Benning, Georgia

May 87 Apr 88 Liaison Officer, 3d Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Benning, Georgia

Apr 88 Jun 89 S3 (Operations), 3d Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Benning, Georgia

Jun 89 Jun 90 Student, Command and Staff Course, United States Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island

Jun 90 Apr 93 Army Special Operations Action Officer, J3, Joint Special Operations Command, Fort Bragg, North Carolina and OPERATIONS DESERT SHIELD/STORM, Saudi Arabia

Apr 93 Nov 94 Commander, 2d Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82d Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Nov 94 Jun 96 Commander, 2d Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Lewis, Washington

Jun 96 Jun 97 Senior Service College Fellowship, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Jun 97 Aug 99 Commander, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Benning, Georgia

Aug 99 Jun 00 Military Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations, New York, New York

Jun 00 Jun 01 Assistant Division Commander (Operations), 82d Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, North Carolina to include duty as Commander, Combined Joint Task Force Kuwait, Camp Doha, Kuwait

Jun 01 Jul 02 Chief of Staff, XVIII Airborne Corps and Fort Bragg, Fort Bragg, North Carolina to include duty as Chief of Staff, Combined Joint Task Force180, OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM, Afghanistan

Jul 02 Sep 03 Vice Director for Operations, J3, The Joint Staff, Washington, DC

Sep 03 Feb 06 Commanding General, Joint Special Operations Command, Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Feb 06 Jun 08 Commander, Joint Special Operations Command/Commander, Joint Special Operations Command Forward, United States Special Operations Command, Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Aug 08 Jun 09 Director, The Joint Staff, Washington, DC

Jun 09 Present Commander, International Security Assistance Force/Commander, United States Forces Afghanistan, OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM, Afghanistan

SUMMARY OF JOINT ASSIGNMENTS:

S2/S3 (Intelligence/Operations), United Nations Command Support Group Joint Security Area, Korea (Feb 81-Mar 82, Captain)

Army Special Operations Action Officer, J3, Joint Special Operations Command, Fort Bragg, North Carolina and OPERATIONS DESERT SHIELD/STORM, Saudi Arabia Jun 90-Apr 93 Major/Lieutenant Colonel)

Chief of Staff, XVIII Airborne Corps and Fort Bragg, Fort Bragg, North Carolina to include duty as Chief of Staff, Combined Joint Task Force180, OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM, Afghanistan (Jun 01-Jul 02, Brigadier General)

Vice Director for Operations, J3, The Joint Staff, Washington, DC (Jul 02-Sep 03, Brigadier General)

Commanding General, Joint Special Operations Command, Fort Bragg, North Carolina (Sep 03-Feb 06, Brigadier General/Major General)

Commander, Joint Special Operations Command/Commander, Joint Special Operations

Command Forward, United States Special Operations Command, Fort Bragg, North Carolina (Feb 06-Jun 08, Major General/Lieutenant General)

Director, The Joint Staff, Washington, DC (Aug 08-Jun 09, Lieutenant General)

Commander, International Security Assistance Force/Commander, United States Forces Afghanistan, OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM, Afghanistan (Jun 09-Present, General)

SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS ASSIGNMENTS DATE GRADE

Army Special Operations Action Officer, J3, Joint Special Operations Command, OPERATIONS DESERT SHIELD/STORM, Saudi Arabia (Jun 90-Mar 91, Major)

Commander, Combined Joint Task Force Kuwait, Camp Doha, Kuwait (Apr 01-Jun 01, Brigadier General)

Chief of Staff, Combined Joint Task Force180, OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM, Afghanistan (May 02-Jul 02, Brigadier General)

Commander, International Security Assistance Force/Commander, United States Forces Afghanistan, OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM, Afghanistan (Jun 09- Present, General)

US DECORATIONS AND BADGES:

Defense Distinguished Service Medal

Defense Superior Service Medal (with Oak Leaf Cluster)

Legion of Merit (with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters)

Bronze Star Medal

Defense Meritorious Service Medal

Meritorious Service Medal (with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters)

Army Commendation Medal

Army Achievement Medal

Expert Infantryman Badge

Master Parachutist Badge

Ranger Tab

Special Forces Tab

Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge

_________________________________________________________________

Barack Obama Biography:

Birthplace:  Location remains questionable.  Proof of United States Citizenship hasn’t been provided.

Education:  Columbia University, Harvard Law School.  Records never produced, attendance remains questionable.

Military Career:  None

Business Career:  None

Political Career:  Community organizer, Chicago, 1983-86; civil rights attorney, Chicago, 1991-96;

University of Chicago, lecturer, early 1990s-2004; Illinois State Senator, 1996-2005; U.S. Senator, 2005-2008; President 2008-.

____________________________________________________________________

I gotta think that the wrong guy resigned.